上海交大“985 工程”外语学院二语习得研究平台 > 研究动态 > Young children's sensitivity to new and given information when answering predicate-focus questions

Young children's sensitivity to new and given information when answering predicate-focus questions

2010-01-09 21:20 来源: 作者:DOROTHÉ SALOMOa1 c1, ELENA LIEVENa1 and MICHAEL TOMASELLOa1 网友评论 0 条 浏览次数 3072

a1 Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology

 

 

In two studies we investigated 2-year-old children's answers to predicate-focus questions depending on the preceding context. Children were presented with a successive series of short video clips showing transitive actions (e.g., frog washing duck) in which either the action (action-new) or the patient (patient-new) was the changing, and therefore new, element. During the last scene the experimenter asked the question (e.g., “What's the frog doing now?”). We found that children expressed the action and the patient in the patient-new condition but expressed only the action in the action-new condition. These results show that children are sensitive to both the predicate-focus question and newness in context. A further finding was that children expressed new patients in their answers more often when there was a verbal context prior to the questions than when there was not.

(Received February 22 2008)

(Accepted March 21 2009)

Correspondence:

c1 ADDRESS FOR CORRESPONDENCE Dorothé Salomo, Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Wundtlaan 1, 6525 XD, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. E-mail: dorothé.salomo@mpi.nl

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