上海交大“985 工程”外语学院二语习得研究平台 > 研究动态 > The development of aspectual marking in child Mandarin Chinese

The development of aspectual marking in child Mandarin Chinese

2010-01-04 23:16 来源: 作者:JIDONG CHENa1 c1 and YASUHIRO SHIRAIa2 网友评论 0 条 浏览次数 2894

a1 California State University at Fresno

a2 University of Pittsburgh

 

 

Cross-linguistic research on the development of tense-aspect marking has revealed a strong effect of lexical aspect. But the degree of this effect varies across languages. Explanation for this universal tendency and language-specific variation is still an open issue. This study investigates the early emergence and subsequent development of four grammatical aspect markers in Mandarin, -le (perfective), zai (progressive), -zhe (durative), and -guo (experiential), in the longitudinal speech data of four children acquiring Mandarin Chinese. It was found that the emergence of grammatical aspect marking generally follows the predictions of the aspect hypothesis, perfective -le predominantly appearing with telic verbs, whereas progressive zai is almost exclusively used with activity verbs. However, the typological features of Mandarin also affect the early uses of -le, which is used with stative predicates more frequently than predicted, and the input patterns play an important role in children's aspect marking. The results support a usage-based learning process in accord with a language-specific system of aspectual semantics, rather than a strong universal association of grammatical aspect and lexical aspect.

(Received December 01 2007)

(Accepted January 07 2009)

Correspondence:

c1 ADDRESS FOR CORRESPONDENCE Jidong Chen, Department of Linguistics, California State University at Fresno, 5245 North Backer Avenue, PB 92, Fresno, CA 93740. E-mail: jchen@csufresno.edu

 

 

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